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Thursday, January 27, 2005

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Listed below are links to weblogs that reference What Gear Do You Need For A Podcast?:

» Podcast Equipment Setups from The GodCast Network: Behind the Scenes
Steve Holden has published a useful list of web sites that discuss podcast setups. [Read More]

» Big Rigs and Other Cool Stuff from The GodCast Network: Behind the Scenes
A new episode of "Behind the Scenes" looks at podcasting rigs, mic techniques, and more. [Read More]

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» How Other's Podcast from Phil Windley's Technometria
Steve Holden catalogues the technology and techniques that a dozen or so sites use to create their podcasts. I wrote up my own podcasting HOWTO a while back.... [Read More]

» How Other's Podcast from Phil Windley's Technometria
Steve Holden catalogues the technology and techniques that a dozen or so sites use to create their podcasts. I wrote up my own podcasting HOWTO a while back.... [Read More]

Comments

Craig Patchett

Hey Steve, there are four things that can drastically improve any podcast setup, regardless of how good the equipment is:

1. Make sure you record in a space that has as little background noise and as few echos as possible. Some people have suggested recording in a closet. It's not that bad of a suggestion!

2. Use proper mic positioning and technique. The most important tips: Don't talk directly into the mic unless you have a pop filter (a screen that goes between your mouth and the mic...you can use stretched pantyhose if you're on a budge). Stay close to the mic, usually within 4-6 inches. Try positioning the mic above, below, and to the side of your mouth (always pointing the mic at your mouth) to see which gives the best sound. Don't hold the mic or touch it while you're talking. Once you find the best mic position, try to maintain that position while you're taking without shifting around (mics are usually very sensitive to distance).

Here are a few sites with additional helpful information on micing:

http://artistpro.com/index.php?module=PnCourses&func=getPage&course_id=24&page_id=151
http://emusician.com/special_report/adobe4/

3. Watch your levels. Somewhere in your recording software or your preamp (if you're using one) there is a level indicator. You want to make sure that you keep it as close to the red (or 0db) as possible without going into it. If you need to speak loudly to make a point then move away from the mic slightly. If you need to speak quietly then move in. As a rule, you're better off with your levels a little too low than a little too high. (Too low will add some noise into the mix. Too high will clip your sound and sound like you have blown speakers.)

4. Use a compressor. You can use a hardware compressor between the mic and the computer or you can use a software plugin in your editing software if it supports it (Audacity does). There are plenty of free compressor plugins available. A compressor simply brings the the soft and loud sections of your recording closer together (but it won't fix problems with levels being too high).

Follow these four tips and you'll be surprised at how good you can get your budget mic to sound!

Craig Patchett
craig@godcast.org
The GodCast Network

Gary Trexler

Do you have a list of the best equipment?

Jill Hurst-Wahl

In scoping out the equipment needed to podcast with two microphones, it seems like it would be best to go with two Shure microphones and a mixer. Is that correct? And I guess two sets of headphones?

Steve Holden

Jill ... at a basic level if you are trying to record a conversation by two people sitting in the same room what you describe is probably sufficient to get started. There may be some more research to be done on the microphones depending on your budget and you should look at the mixer recommendations over at (http://podcastrigs.com/). Once you have the gear and you do your recording like to a open source applicaiton like Audacity, you should be able to output an MP3 that is easy to post. - Good luck! Steve (AztecMedia.net)
P.S. I actually use two microphones in to my Marantz 660 recorder and then I do all post production on an iBook G4 using Audacity + a couple of other tools.

armywifetoddlermom

I will be doing podcasts very soon..

and am very confused about the equipment needed to do the podcast via phone...

Steve Holden

Hello! -- Congrats on starting your podcasts.

Phone recording is definitely a challenging topic.

I use two approaches. One is I use SKYPE to record phone conversations, and second I actually use a phone splitter from radioshack to capture the audio directly from a telephone conversation.

The first version is great if people are comfortable with technology. The second one works better for the technically challenged. The bad news about the second option is that the noise levels can be bad, so you'll probably have to use a tool to post production noise reduction and leveling. I use Audacity and SoundSoap to do post production noise reduction. There is a great new tool called Levelator for doing sound leveling that I highly recommend.

I hope this information makes sense.

I do highly recommend the book Podcast Solutions ... it covers this in detail (including a more high end solution called digital hybrids).

Good luck! -- Steve

Darien

Hi Steve!

Would you change/update any of your recommendations? I am basically looking to record voice audio (so I need equipment and software) that I could then put on our websites (i.e. reading excerpts from my book, or a short lecture). Thank you and great site!

Darien

Steve Holden

For getting started ... you can not beat a USB microphone and Audacity (Mac, Windows, Linux). I have matured my basic setup to include a Samson C01 Microphone and Beringer Tube Ultragain MIC100 pre-amp recording into a Marantz 660 recorder. Mostly because I built a recording studio into one of my spare closets for better acoustics. - Steve

Dj Arsenic

If i already have a behringer djx 700 mixer and 4 turntables connected to it i want to connect that mixer to the other mixer for the podcast is that possible

Steve Holden

DJ Arsenic ... You should be able to take the mix'd sound from your DJ mixer into your podcast mixer and then record to computer or other recording device. I am not sure why you need the second mixer. - Steve

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